DNA profiling a reliable and unique personal identification tool, the Andhra Pradesh government is ready to use the latest DNA technology tool, ), the first-of-its-kind initiative that allows generation of DNA profiles of the criminals from live samples such as saliva and blood stains within 90 to 120 minutes.
Andhra Pradesh (AP) became the first state in India to launch DNA Index System (DIS) for DNA (Deoxyribonucleac acid) profiling of criminals. The system uses the latest DNA technology tool (also known as RapidHIT DNA System) developed by the US-based IntegenX, Inc.
The DNA Index System allows generation of DNA (Deoxyribonucleac acid) profiles from live samples such as the buccal swabs, saliva and blood stains, etc. to profile the sample. It can create a DNA profile within 90 to 120 minutes compared to currently available technologies which take at least two days or more.
Moreover, while DNA labs generally require approximately 3,000 sq feet space, these DNA System machines occupy just 3 cubic feet space. Each machine costs Rs 2-3 Crores. The AP Government which put the first machine to use is likely to order more machines to be installed in all state district police headquarters.
To demonstrate the efficacy of the system by generating the DNA profiles, a pilot project was initiated in the state involving the 1st batch of convicts and alleged suspects involved in various cases. The machine’s testing was initiated by Mr. Anand Gupta, Founder & CEO of IntegenX, Inc., the US, and Dr. Roy Swiger, former Central Statistical Officer (CSO), Florida Police Department, the US.
With DNA in the database, offers several advantages such as the repeat offenders will be easily and quickly caught which will further help to bring down crime rate. The system can also help resolving missing persons’ cases with on the spot DNA testing and also reducing backlogs of trying of criminal cases.
DNA profiling technology or the DNA fingerprinting is method of isolating and identifying variable elements within the base-pair sequence of DNA. DNA is the genetic material typically found in tissue of all living cells of humans as well as animals and plants. It invariably contains hereditary data passed on from parent to children which is unique to each person (except in the case of identical twins).
The DNA fingerprinting technology is commonly utilized by the police globally for fool-proof identification of criminals, who leave their traces at crime scene while committing crime. The technology plays a crucial role in solving crimes as it has potential to link a series of crimes by placing the suspects by linking them with the crime scene.
DIS has vast potential to bring down crimes as it can create a huge database of DNA profiles of offenders. It could also help the suspects prove their innocence. AP Chief Minister N Chandrababu Naidu who launched the first machine said his aim is to make Andhra Pradesh a crime free state in India through the usage of latest technology in forensic labs. He has also ordered for the introduction of this system immediately.
by Ashwani Srivastva